1J. Von Neumann and 0. Morgenstern, Theory of Games and Economic Behavior, Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 1944.
2J.F. Nash,'The Bargaining Problem," Econometrica 18 (1950), 155-162.
3R. Luce and H. Raiffa, Games and Decisions, John Wiley and Sons, New York, NY, 1957. No comparable survey exists for work done since 1957.
4T. Schelling, The Strategy of Conflict, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA, 1960.
5I briefly discuss the idea that bargaining outcomes depend on such subjective perceptions of the situation.in D. Friedman, "Many, Few, One: Social Harmony and the Shrunken Choice Set," AER 70 (1980), 225-232.
6The obvious approach of replacing a single play with an n-fold iteration of the game has not been particularly successful, since the iterated game generally has the same sort of indeterminacy of outcome as the single game. My approach, while superficially similar, is in fact entirely different.